Danish-Kurdish Author Mihamad Fariq Hasan
By: Azad Karimi
A timeless, immortal literary work is a story that can challenge its own time by delving deeply into the fundamental problems and afflictions of human beings. These problems never become obsolete, like the life and death of human beings.
Danish-Kurdish Author Mihamad Fariq Hasan
By Azad Karimi
I would like to mention a few cases.... My dear friend Mr. Heme-Fariq mentioned narrative literature several times.
Verbal literature is concerned with the culture of the people throughout history (Folklore), but narrative literature is a type of storytelling in which the author sees and understands the events and then narrates that. The narrator is the same storyteller. This is a broad field of literature and may include oral literature.
Another point regarding the death of Professor Kamal Mazhar. He is a Kurdish writer and historian from the city of Kirkuk, and Kirkuk is located in Iraqi Kurdistan. Unfortunately, he died on Tuesday, March 16 in Bonn, Germany. He spent many years serving the culture of the people of Kurdistan. My condolences to the people of Kurdistan and the Mazhar family. May God have mercy on him.
I read in the news that the Prime Minister of Iraq, Mr. Mustafa Kazemi, has announced that he is personally following the administrative formalities related to the return of the body of Professor Kamal Mazhar. This is good news and deserves thanks and appreciation.. . Of course, we ask the Iraqi Prime Minister to be more decisive about the situation in Kirkuk and the misdeeds of the Hashd Al-Sha'bi and the Arab chauvinist groups that are trying to change the demographics of this Kurdish city by displacing the population.
Why? Because Kirkuk is coveted because of oil and its main inhabitants- the Kurds- are oppressed.
Also about Halabja, another city in Kurdistan that was attacked by chemical bombing in 16th March 1987, and 5,000 people were poisoned and killed ... Unfortunately, the negative and destructive consequences of this tragedy still affect the people of this city. I hope that the Iraqi government will take practical steps to compensate the people.
Another interesting point was the decision of the Saudi government to close the schools that Turkey had set up in that country to teach Turkish in Saudi Arabia. Fascists and Kemalists immediately protested in Turkey ... including a man named Devlet Bagçli, who has been active in Turkish politics for decades and is a very fanatistic and backward person. Last week, in response to the printing of a commemorative stamp in Erbil on the occasion of Pope Francis' visit to Kurdistan, he insulted the people of Kurdistan and declared that the map of Kurdistan was of no value to him and he would trample on it. He expects his language to be promoted in another country, but in Turkey, the Kurdish language spoken by more than 30 million people should be banned but it must be said that the days of the Devlet Bagçlies in Turkey, Iran, Iraq, and Syria are over, and what exists about the war and misery in the Middle East is due to the behavior and policies of fascists like the Devlet Bagçli.
My dear friend Mr. Mihamad Fariq wrote that a Kurdish writer was in a dangerous situation in Iraq during the time of Saddam Hussein. Unfortunately, this was also the case in Iran, and what we know as Kurdish literature in Kurdistan-Iran was written and published in exile. Like Hemn and Hajaar, who were in exile for thirty years of their lives, and their masterpieces were written and published in those years. In Iran, so far, there is no field for publishing social and critical literary works in Kurdish, and if we (The literary community) have an idea for the Kurdish people in Kurdistan-Iran, we have published our books in Kurdistan-Iraq or Europe and the United States...
Recently, groups opposed to Mulla's regime have been trying to make new claims by negatively portraying Kurdish thinkers, writers, and artists... for example, they say the Kurdish activists are selfish and do not participate in the campaigns and political activities of Iranians opposed to the Islamic regime.
We are not selfish, but there is a bitter and painful experience of the Iranian activists, politicians, and cultural castes, who remember Kurdistan when they want to overthrow the regime and need national unity, but after reaching Power, pressure and killings and discrimination against the Kurds begin again like what Ataturk did with Reza Beg Hasani and other Kurdish leaders in Turkey, or the Iraqi opposition groups did it with the federal government of Kurdistan after the overthrow of Saddam Hussein.
These are strange days, and events happen again, and bitter experiences are repeated, and it seems that time is going fast and nothing is going to change but change only happens in the human's mind when he accepts the truth and does not define the world around him according to just his expectations.
It is clear that I have always written and stated my words and beliefs clearly. I am against tyranny in any form ... I am a Kurd and I protect the interests of my nation first of all ... I will welcome anyone and any program that guarantees the rights of the Kurdish people in Iran. Of course, I am waiting for the controversy to calm down and the horizon in front of my eyes to light up. Unfortunately, Iranians, like other peoples in the Middle East, come to the truth late, but as soon as they think they have reached the truth, they start arguing and threatening with excitement and prejudice to bring others to them. I posted my program and manifesto on Facebook thirteen months ago, so my political positions are clear. Therefore, no one can intimidate me, neither the Iranian government nor its opposition groups.
Dear readers, I invite you to pay attention to the contents of this interesting interview.
I wish success and happiness to my dear friend Mr. Mihamad Fariq Hassan.
1- Please present yourself (Name, education, job, Civil status and...)
.I am Mihamad Fariq Hasan,from Slemani city,married and have four children,three boys and one girl.I was teacher more 30 years. People know me as Heme Fariq Hasan.
2-what is your cultural specialize?
.Compared to my writer colleagues, I have probably written the shortest stories. Of course, I have recently written a long story. I have also written some short stories for children. It is clear that these three literary genres are related and belong to narrative literature. In addition, I have a large number of books in my library, the most prominent of which are tribal mentality books, individual and Kurdish characteristics, and how to create a culture of reading.
3- When and how did you become interested in this field of culture?
.I started writing short stories in the early seventies but as a teenager, I loved reading books, especially novels and short stories.
4- Who was your motivator?
.No person, organization, or institution has supported me, but I have faced many problems due to my literary activities. I believe that the story should narrate the issues of the day. In Iraq, talking about sectarian, class, and religious problems is not easy, even through literary texts.
5- What was your parent's reaction?
.My parents were happy for their son to be skilled in another field along with being a teacher, but they always had a nightmare, and that was my health and safety. My parents were right ... Imagine living in Iraq under Saddam Hussein and being a rebellious Kurdish writer!
6- When started you such as a professional Author?
.For this subject, I can refer to the year 1978 that I published my first book in that year called *The Shadow of the Aspashe*. Which included seven short stories. Newspapers and magazines of the time wrote extensively about the book. Six stories in the book were also translated into Arabic, English and Swedish.
7- Are you thankful and happy because of your activities as Author?
.Yes! As a writer, I have a clear conscience, although I got problems because of my writings, I feel I am serving the community. I feel that I exist as an active human being who benefits others.
8-Tell us Please: Do you see a special connect between Author and culture, between literary and culture?
. Being an intellectual is a collection of literature, art, and sciences experiences with all the customs and traditions that make human life more beautiful and moves forward and Influences individual and social behaviors. That is the base literature of the intellectuality or an important part of the to be intellectual. On the other hand, it is necessary for a writer like me to be like a sociologist who knows the problems and pains of his society. Must be aware of class conflicts and forces and forces and paradigms. On the other hand, people are never like each other. As a writer, you need to be familiar with psychology to identify the source of conflicts and tensions. First of all, literature is a kind of linguistic activity.
Narrative literature should be written in a fluent and rich language. I mean, you have to be fluent in the language. Literature, collectively, is part of aesthetics. So you need to study and know about it. Literature introduces a dynamic aspect of the intellectualism of societies. It is necessary to study the fictional literature of a society in order to know that society. Narrative literature, along with the focus on the classes of the society, needs talent and breadth of thought in the language of form. You can not write a successful novel if you do not have a large treasure trove of different words. Because all of the above are objectified through language... So you have to have a relationship with Nali, Goran, Sadjadi, Shaker Mostafa, Hajaar, Hemn, and Aziz Gardi because eloquent literary language is found in these people and rural people. It is clear that with imperfect language, a solid and principled story is not written. The novel is also a source for knowledge and for its time. In this period, writing a novel is more difficult than before. We can not necessarily write like the earlier writers, because storytelling is a kind of intellectual and artistic activity that deals with the living conditions of the people of our time in its own way.
Innovation is also evolving and is not a static concept.
9- Why do some literary works become immortal?
. A timeless, immortal literary work is a story that can challenge its own time by delving deeply into the fundamental problems and afflictions of human beings. These problems never become obsolete, like the life and death of human beings. This approach should be innovative and original way. That is, it is a work that makes a difference between itself and its earlier works.
10- How you see the view, the future of literature and culture? You are an Author; you have opinions surely...
. On the one hand, narrative literature moves forward and develops because the story is a necessity of life... Everyone is fascinated by the story ,everyone has a story and is looking for an audience. We roam cafes and coffee shops to see our friends and listen to their new stories even when our children return home from school, each one has a new story to tell to family members...on the other hand, the formalist story has the same procedure. It has both a writer and a reader. Nevertheless, the process of intellectual progress is underway, and creative initiatives are the result of far-reaching intellectual activities...in this period, one has to be constantly like a student and grow and enrich oneself with the treasure of enlightenment, otherwise one cannot keep pace with the increasing speed of innovations and initiatives, especially in The field of electronic advances that happen very fast. That is, if a person is not active, he will lag behind the speed of knowledge development.
11- Can you become one part of the cultural movement for motivation in youth or new generation in your country and so than?
. Our generation is a continuation of the previous generation and the next generation is a continuation of our generation, and each of us is a link in a long chain and has a dialectical connection. Generations use each other and generate new information. The reasons for communication are now faster and more focused. I live in Northern Europe and aware of the evolution of Kurdish literature. Inventing has nothing to do with human life...The life of the author is the sum of experiences and years of life. I know some young storytellers and we are in touch and we are friends on social networks. I am very interested in the works of young writers and when I travel to Kurdistan I meet them and participate in them by creating seminars and gatherings. There we discuss narrative literature and literature and intellectuals. And I listen with motivation and interest to the problems and concerns of young writers.
12- How can you help our world become a better place for living?
. I have the words. The word is full of energy. You know that the word has been the weapon of leaders and benevolent people and prophets. The word necessarily becomes a constructive or destructive force. Of course, I speak the language of goodness and wish peaceful coexistence of all ethnic and religious groups, and I also wish freedom, happiness and social peace to the people of Kurdistan and the sweet community of Denmark and around the world.
13- Have you more word to say or suggestion for our readers?
. In this era, few people know the value of the writers' suffering and ability, and fatigue.
I wish the readers of our interview good health and hope that Corona will not harm them.